Editing for Print & Traditional Media

Subject areas

We offer editorial services for a variety of formats and contexts. Our areas of focus include:

  • Fiction
    • Speculative fiction, science fiction, fantasy, adventure, and romance
    • Other genre fiction
    • Self-published authors
    • Small presses and independent publishers
    • Digital publishing platforms
    • Ebooks
    • Print
  • Web and online content
    • Company or organization websites
    • Blog posts and articles
    • Newsletters and emails
    • Event and campaign copy
    • Store and product information
  • Personal branding and communications
    • Profiles, bios, and artist statements
    • Personal websites and portfolios
    • Resumes and CVs
    • Cover letters and applications
  • Corporate communications
    • Company information
    • Executive bios
    • Presentations and reports
    • Conference materials
    • Newsletters
    • Press releases
  • Advertising
    • Print and digital advertisements
    • Direct mail marketing
    • Product packaging
    • Client presentations
  • Legal and financial
    • Corporate law
    • Financial filings
    • Litigation
    • Articles and briefs
    • Legal education
  • Medical
    • Pharmaceutical
    • Journals
    • News articles and books

Types of editing

Workflows and terminology vary between disciplines and regions—one person's "heavy copyedit" is another person's "substantive edit" or "line edit." Below is a list of common services we offer and how we define them. 


Developmental editing

Developmental editing is a high-level edit that can be performed on an early draft or at the outline stage in order to plan or revise the structure and content of a work. Feedback in a developmental edit may include comments and questions about order and organization, format, flow, repetition, unclear or missing information, development of argument or plot, theme, characterization, clarity, tone, and effectiveness at achieving the aims of the work.

We typically deliver a developmental edit in the form of an editorial letter, in-line comments in a document, or a combination of the two. This is a high-level edit and does not address mechanical or stylistic issues. 

Heavy copyediting

A heavy copyedit, sometimes called a substantive copyedit, is a line-by-line edit at the sentence and paragraph level. As the name implies, it can involve substantial changes or rewording to achieve clarity, address inaccurate, incomplete, or incorrect statements, eliminate ambiguity, smooth transitions, eliminate wordiness or repetition, ensure consistency of tone, and generally improve style and flow.

In fiction, a heavy copyedit may also include tracking and flagging consistency of character, setting, timeline, and plot details.

In addition to the above, heavy copyediting also includes all the features of a light copyedit.

Light copyediting

A light copyedit is concerned primarily with correcting errors in mechanics (spelling, grammar, punctuation) and usage, removing infelicities, conforming style, and ensuring consistency in headings, lists, and cross-references.

Copyediting may also involve creating and/or updating a style sheet for the work. A style sheet will usually specify a base style guide, such as Chicago or AP, and will note any exceptions or modifications from the base style (for example, use the serial comma; spell out numerals smaller than 10), as well as any terms or usages particular to the work, such as proper names, abbreviations, or domain-specific terminology.


After copyediting has been completed, either a typeset copy or formatted text prepared for digital publication is proofread for any lingering mechanical errors such as spelling, punctuation, or grammatical errors; misapplication of text styles such as italics or underlining; incorrect, broken, or outdated cross-references or hyperlinks; missing text; and typographical, formatting, or layout issues such as spacing, kerning, margins, line breaks, and justifications.


Still not sure what kind of editing you need, or don't see quite what you're looking for?

The above is just a summary of the types work we most commonly perform, but we're pretty flexible and can tailor our services to your project. Feel free to get in touch to find out how we can work together. And if we're not right for the job, we can help point you to the right person.